Spinal Tumours And Its Best Treatments

Abnormal growth of tissue in the spine is called a tumour. It is highly rare to have tumours originating in the spine, and these are called primary tumours. These may or may not be cancerous. Only a proper diagnosis will help in deciding. Non-cancerous one is Benign tumours, and malignant tumours are cancerous. While most of the spinal tumours are excessive growth of cells in the spine, some tumours are triggered by other diseases or exposure to radiation. Tumours do not spread from one person to another, and since the reason for tumours is unknown, they cannot be prevented. Metastatic tumours or Secondary tumours are the spine tumours caused by cancer from other parts of the body. These malignant tumours are classified on their location in the spine along thoracic, cervical, sacrum or lumbar.

Diagnosis and Treatment Options

Although the cause of primary spine tumours is unknown, secondary spine tumours are often caused by cancer. The presence of breast cancer, prostate cancer, thyroid cancer, kidney cancer or lung cancer could cause the metastatic tumours in the spine. Symptoms vary from chronic back pain to numbness, uncontrolled bladder, deformity in the spine, partial paralysis, numbness and sciatica. 

Medicines such as analgesics and steroids could help in relieving from swelling and pain. In case of advice from the specialists, treatment may vary from radiation therapy, chemotherapy, limiting blood flow to the tumour by embolization. Opting for the advice of the best neurosurgeon in Chennai will be the ideal thing you can do in this case. Usually, they suggest surgical removal of tumours only when other treatments have not achieved the goal of pain relief. When nerves are compressed, or some spinal vertebrae have destructed, or if a biopsy is needed, surgery is often the answer. The spine may be stabilized by reconstructing through spinal fusion, which is done by bone grafts or screws. 

Preparation For Treatment

Spine surgery has its risks involved. They range from bleeding, infection, stiffness and nerve injury depending on person to person. In preparing yourselves for surgery, try to include exercise in daily routine to improve the rate of recovery. Cut out on smoking, and other non-essential medication as these may conflict with other drugs or anaesthetics. Second opinions are always best if feeling unsure or emotional about surgical procedures and what lies ahead. In the case of multiple medical problems, it is best to discuss in detail with your physician about any consequences, side effects or for the sake of mental peace.

Post Surgical Care And Road To Recovery

Post-surgery is often about analgesics to bring down the pain and swelling as well as radiation or chemotherapy depending on the conditions. Consulting with the best neurosurgeon in Chennai as a follow up of the surgery would be best as spine tumours are known to be recursive. Follow the medication and post-surgical therapy religiously for a faster recovery.

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